BRAF V600E and Novel Somatic Mutations in Thyroid Cancer of Libyan Patients

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Pathology-Oncogenetic Unit, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, 1002 Tunis, Tunisia.

2 Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, University Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia.

3 Department of Life Sciences, Academy of Graduate Studies, Misurata, Libya.

4 Department of Surgical Oncology, Misurata Cancer Centre, Libya.

5 Biotechnology Research Centre and Misurata Cancer Centre, Misurata, Libya.


Background: Thyroid cancer (TC) is a common endocrine malignancy that frequently harbours the oncogenic V600E BRAF mutation. This mutation has received considerable attention in recent years for its potential utility in the risk stratification and management of TC. This study aims to investigate BRAF mutational status in thyroid cancer of Libyan patients and their association with clinicopathological factors. Methods: 44 thyroid tissue samples were analysed for mutations in exon 15 of the BRAF gene by performing polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing. The results of BRAF mutation screening were correlated to clinical and pathological characteristics of the studied thyroid cancer patients. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS. Results: The BRAF exon 15 mutations were detected in 19 (43.2%) of the thyroid cancer cases. The V600E was the most frequent one found in 15/44 (34.1%) cases. We also detected 6 other variants in 7 patients (15.9%), the S616F, the W619R and the T599S. Three mutations were associated with V600E, the L584I, the D587Y and the synonymous L597L. None of these mutations were reported previously in thyroid cancers. No statistical association was found between BRAF mutations and clinicopathological factors except with papillary thyroid cancer type (p= 0,032). Conclusions: Novel BRAF mutations and V600E were frequently detected in thyroid cancer of Libyan patients; this suggests a potential role of these novel mutations in carcinogenesis and in anti-EGFR therapy resistance.


Main Subjects

Volume 23, Issue 12
December 2022
Pages 4029-4037
  • Receive Date: 10 March 2022
  • Revise Date: 02 September 2022
  • Accept Date: 10 December 2022
  • First Publish Date: 10 December 2022