Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Pharmacy, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq.
Clinical Pharmacy Department, Badr University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University, Egypt.
Department of Microbial Biotechnology, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Centre, 33 EL Bohouth St. (formerly El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, P.O. 12622, Egypt.
Department of Endemic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.
Department of Internal Medicine, National Research Center, 33 EL Bohouth St. (formerly El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, P.O. 12622, Egypt.
Department of Molecular Biology, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Center, 33 EL Bohouth St. (formerly El Tahrir St.), Dokki, Giza, P.O. 12622, Egypt.
Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kafer Elshiek University, Kafer Elshiek, Egypt.
Objectives: In this study, we investigated the association between the IFN-λ3 rs12979860 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and the transition from late fibrosis to HCC in Egyptian HCV-chronically infected patients. Methods: The rs12979860 SNP was genotyped using real-time PCR in DNA from the whole blood of healthy subjects (n=60) and HCV patient s (n=342). We stratified the patients into (1) treatment-naïve patients (n=218) with advanced fibrosis (F2-F4, n=123) and HCC (n=95 Treatment-experienced patients (n=124) who received SOF-based therapy for 12 weeks and achieved SVR (SVR12). DAA-treated patients were divided into 2 groups: group I (n=63) included patients with advanced hepatic fibrosis (F2-F4) who did not develop HCC within a year after treatment, and group II (n=61) included patients who were free of focal hepatic lesions before starting DAA therapy but developed HCC within a year. Results: Our results demonstrated that treatment-naïve patients with the CT/TT genotypes and the T allele were more likely to have HCC (odds ratio 3.1, 95% CI 1.44-6.71, P = 0.003 and odds ratio 1.89, 95% CI 1.28-2.76, P = 0.001, respectively). Binary regression analysis defined 3 independent predictors associated with HCC development: age (odds ratio 1.039, 95% CI 1.004-1.076, P = 0.028), alanine aminotransferase (odds ratio 1.008, 95% CI 1.002-1.015, P = 0.010), and rs12979860 (odds ratio 3.65, 95% CI 1.484-8.969, P = 0.005). Conclusions: However, the rs12979860 SNP did not show any correlation with the progression of HCC post-treatment. Despite the debate on the contribution of IFN-λ3 rs12979860 to susceptibility to HCV-related HCC, our data confirm the role of this SNP in this context.