Document Type : Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Department of Anatomy, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Department of Anatomy,Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Department of Internal Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Department of Biology, Science Faculty, University of Yazd, Iran
Department of Medical Genetics, Internationl Campus, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Background: Numerous studies have investigated associations of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) -149 C>T and -579 G>T polymorphisms with gastric cancer (GC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility; however, the findings are inconsistent prompting the present meta-analysis.
Materials and Methods: Related studies were identified from PubMed, Google scholar, and SID until 10 October 2015. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of the associations.
Results: Eleven studies were included based on the search criteria for CRC and GC related to the DNMT3B 149 C>T (3,353 cases and 4,936 controls) and DNMT3B 579 G>T (1,387 cases and 2,064 controls) polymorphisms. There was no significant association overall between DNMT3B -149 and 579 polymorphisms and the risk of cancer. In the stratified analysis by cancer type, DNMT3B 579G>T polymorphism was associated with the risk of CRC and GC. While the DNMT3B -149C/T polymorphism was related with a significantly increased risk of CRC in two tested models, dominant (GG+GT vs. TT: OR 0.51, 95 % CI 0.38-0.69; P = 0.00, Pheterogeneity=0.69, I2= 0 %) and heterozygote (GT vs. TT: OR 0.50, 95 % CI 0.37-0.69; P=0.00, Pheterogeneity=0.41, I2= 0 %), no evidence of any association with GC risk was observed as in the pooled analyses.
Conclusions: More studies are needed to assess associations of DNMT3B -149C/T and DNMT3B 579G>T polymorphisms with cancer in different ethnicities with large population sizes to generate comprehensive conclusions