In materials science, one of the new concerns in the construction industry, it is well established that mineraldust from rocks (stones) has adverse effects on human health. For instance, it is suspected that some mineraldusts in particular leads to occupational diseases, including lung cancer. The present research concerned therelationship between cancer and those workers who work in Turkish construction industry and quarries andare exposed to silica mineral dust from natural stones. One focus was cancer prevention methods applied in-site.In mining and construction industry where stone dust is widely used, silicosis induced lung cancer is frequentlyseen. Cancer cases which are seen across the regions mostly affected by silica containing dust in Turkey wereidentified and a survey was conducted of the methods to protect workers in the construction industry fromexposure to silica dust.