Document Type : Research Articles
Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the let-7 miRNA binding site within the 3’ untranslated region (3’UTR) of KRAS appear related to the risk of cancer. The present case-control study was conducted with 244 BC patients and 204 healthy women to examine whether KRAS polymorphisms (rs61764370 T/G and rs712 G/T) are associated with breast cancer (BC) risk in an Iranian population. The polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was used for genotyping of KRAS SNPs. Our results showed that the rs61764370 TG genotype (OR= 3.73; 95% CI =1.38-10.08; P=0.007) as well as the G allele OR= 3.56; 95% CI =1.33-9.53; P=0.008, respectively) increased the risk of BC. However, the KRAS rs712 TT vs GG+GT genotype in a recessive model was associated with a reduced risk of BC (OR= 0.56; 95% CI =0.38-0.84; P=0.006). In addition, the rs712 T allele decreased the risk of BC compared with the G allele (OR=0.75, 95%CI=0.58-0.97, P=0.031). However, we found no relationship among KRAS SNPs and clinicopathological characteristics of BC patients (P>0.05). Taken together, the present study provided evidence of relationships between KRAS polymorphisms and BC risk in a southeast Iranian population. Additional studies using larger sample sizes and diverse ethnicities are now warranted.