Document Type : Research Articles
School of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Queen Rania Street, Jordan.
Zarqa Private University, Zarqa, Jordan.
As vosaroxin as a fluoroquinolone (FQ) had anticancer effectiveness; this study aimed to screen new lipophilic FQs for their dual antimicrobial-antiproliferative activities. Using sulforhodamine B assay; 36 lipophilic FQs have been screened for antimicrobial propensities against S. aureus, E. coli, and C. albicans vs. the respective references ciprofloxacin and fluconazole. They were also explored against a battery of cancer cell lines. Normal periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDL) were tested for safety examination in comparison to the cisplatin. Reduced FQ compound 4g (R-2, 4-DMeOACA) highly scored nanomolar potency with MIC value of 0.004 µM against gram-positive bacteria. The highest activity of the 36 lipophilic FQs was noted on Leukaemia K562, cervical HELA and pancreatic PANC-1 cancer cell lines with respective IC50 value of 0.005 µM for compound R-4-BuACA (4e), 0.40 µM with CHxCA (7a) and 0.11 µM for R-4-HxACA (4f). Tested FQs exhibited cytotoxicity in A549 lung cancer, MCF-7 and T47D breast cancer cell lines. The reduced 4e and 4f compounds have shown nanomolar inhibition against K562 (as of 4e), PANC-1 and MCF-7 (as of 4f) with IC50 values of 0.005, 0.11 and 0.30 µM, respectively. Succinctly FQs’ dual gram-positive antibacterial-antineoplastic capacities expand on of drug design scaffolds in lead generation.