Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá DC, Colombia.
University of Cundinamarca, Colombia.
Pedagogical and Technological University of Colombia.
Background: The vitamin D receptor (VDR) is responsible for mediating the effects of vitamin D through regulation of other gene transcriptions. There are several polymorphisms that alter the gene expression or the function of this protein. We aimed to analyze the association between two SNPs of VDR gene and melanoma cancer in Colombian patients. Methods: We included 120 healthy individual as controls and 120 melanoma cancer patients as cases . Patients in both groups were matched in terms of gender and age. The genotyping of rs731236 and rs2228570 polymorphisms was performed using PCR-RFLP. The SNPStats program was used to carry out the statistical analysis through a logistic regression model. Results: Under dominant model, we found that rs2228570 polymorphism was associated with melanoma cancer risk (C/C vs C/T-T/T, OR: 5.10, 95% CI: 2.85-9.14), whereas rs731236 polymorphism was associated with a protective effect against this cancer (T/T vs T/C, OR: 0.27, 95% CI: 0.14-0.53). Conclusion: Our results suggested that both polymorphisms were involved in the development of melanoma cancer, increasing or decreasing this risk.