Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran / Hasan Sadikin Academic Medical Center, Bandung, Indonesia.
Department of Pathology Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran / Hasan Sadikin Academic Medical Center, Bandung, Indonesia.
Introduction: Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly encountered urologic malignancy. Biopsy samples may be attained using TPPB-VY or TRPB; both of the approaches are relatively comparable in terms of accuracy. Transperineal Access System revolutionizes the methodology for obtaining prostate biopsies. But in Indonesia this device is not available and expensive, we developed VY probe mounted needle guide device. The study was aimed to compare cancer detection rate and rates of cancer detection in Grade Groups (GG) between these two approaches, particularly in prostate cancer patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study with retrospective data from patients diagnosed with prostate cancer in Hasan Sadikin General Hospital in 2019 – 2020 was performed. Ethical approval of this study was sought from the hospital authorities (IRB number: LB.02.01/X.6.5/ 55/2020). The patient was included to the study if PSA ≥ 4 ng/ml, DRE results suggestive of prostate cancer. The diagnostic accuracy of both approaches was compared using histopathological analysis. Results: There were 44 patients included in the study; 22 patients had received TRPB and 22 patients had TPPB-VY. Higher degree of cancer detection rates was found in patients receiving TPPB-VY. Patient with Prostatic adenocarcinoma were all found having hypoechoic lesion in TPPB-VY. On the other hand, half of the patient with Prostatic adenocarcinoma shown having no lesion in TRPB. Prostate cancer with hypoechoic lesion can be detected better by TPPB-VY than TRPB. Cancer detection rates on TPPB-VY were significantly higher than on TRPB for each grade group. Conclusion: Among patient with hypoechoic lesions, TPPB-VY led to more detectionof prostate cancer, it provides detection of all grade groups and high-grade prostate cancer, this showed a non-inferior TPPB-VY compared to TRPB. TPPB-VY should be considered as an option for all men in whom a prostate biopsy is indicated.