Modulatory Influence of Rosemarinus officinalis on DMBA-induced Mouse Skin Tumorigenesis


The present investigation was undertaken to explore the anti-tumor promoting activity of Rosemarinus officinalison two-stage skin carcinogenesis, induced by a single topical application of 7, 12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene andpromoted by treatment of croton oil for 15 weeks in Swiss albino mice. Oral administration of Rosemary leaf extractat a dose of 1000 mg/ kg b. wt. / day at pre, peri and post-initiational phases, was found to be effective in decreasingthe tumor incidence (50, 41.7, 58.3%, respectively) in comparison to the control (100%). Furthermore, the cumulativenumber of papillomas, tumor yield and tumor burden were also found to be reduced in R. officinalis-treated animals.This was associated with significant alteration in liver lipid peroxidation and glutathione (GSH) levels.