Patho-epidemiology of Cancer Corpus Uteri in Karachi South ‘1995- 1997'


Aim: To provide demographics and pathology of cancer of the uterine corpus in Karachi. Methodology:Data for 66 incident cases of cancer corpus uteri, ICD-10 category C54-5 registered at the Karachi CancerRegistry, for Karachi South, during a 3 year period, 1st January, 1995 to 31st December 1997 were reviewed.
Results: Cancer uterine corpus (1995-97) was the sixth most common malignancy, following breast, oral cavity,ovary, esophagus and cervix. The age standardized incidence rate (ASR) world and crude incidence rate (CIR)per 100,000 were 6.4 (4.73 to 8.01) and 2.9 (2.18 to 3.57). The mean age was 53.7 years (SD 15.6; range 6-90years). Fifty eight cases were endometrial carcinoma with ASR world and CIR per 100,000 of 5.77 (4.20 to 7.33)and 2.53 (1.88 to 3.18) respectively. Sarcomas comprised 6% of the cases. Approximately a third of the females(28.8%) were below 50 years of age. The age-specific curves showed a gradual increase from the fourth till theseventh decade, followed by an actual apparent decrease in risk after 70 years. Peak incidence was observed inthe 65-69 year age group. Presenting symptoms were post-menopausal bleeding (86.4%) and purulent discharge(4%). Associated pathologies included adenomyosis, adenomatous hyperplasia (12% each) or leiomyoma (8%).Associated clinical conditions were diabetes mellitus and hypertension (4% each). The majority of the casespresented as well differentiated (39.4%), localized (59.1%) lesions.
Conclusion: The incidence of cancer corpusuteri in Karachi South reflects a moderate risk population, predominantly middle aged with a higher socioeconomicstatus. On the average the malignancy is observed a decade earlier then reported elsewhere. This callsfor in-depth investigation of risk factors and identification of underlying etiology.