Association Between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in the XRCC1 Gene and Susceptibility to Prostate Cancer in Chinese Men


Background: Prostate cancer (Pca) is one of the most common complex and polygenic diseases in men. TheX-ray repair complementing group 1 gene (XRCC1) is an important candidate in the pathogenesis of Pca. Thepurpose of this study was to evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the XRCC1gene and susceptibility to Pca. Materials and
Methods: XRCC1 gene polymorphisms and associations withsusceptibility to Pca were investigated in 193 prostate patients and 188 cancer-free Chinese men.
Results: Thec.910A>G variant in the exon9 of XRCC1 gene could be detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragmentlength polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and DNA sequencing methods. Significantly increased susceptibility toprostate cancer was noted in the homozygote comparison (GG versus AA: OR=2.95, 95% CI 1.46-5.42, χ2=12.36,P=0.001), heterozygote comparison (AG versus AA: OR=1.76, 95% CI 1.12-2.51, χ2=4.04, P=0.045), dominantmodel (GG/AG versus AA: OR=1.93, 95% CI 1.19-2.97, χ2=9.12, P=0.003), recessive model (GG versus AG+AA:OR=2.17, 95% CI 1.33-4.06, χ2=8.86, P=0.003) and with allele contrast (G versus A: OR=1.89, 95% CI 1.56-2.42,χ2=14.67, P<0.000).
Conclusions: These findings suggest that the c.910A>G polymorphism of the XRCC1 geneis associated with susceptibility to Pca in Chinese men, the G-allele conferring higher risk.