Implication of Polymorphisms in DNA Repair Genes in Prognosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma


XRCC1 genetic polymorphisms could be associated with increased risk of various cancer, includinghepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the fifth most common cancer. We here conducted a study to explore the roleof selective SNPs of the XRCC1 and XPD genes in the prognosis of HCC. A total of 231 cases were collected, andgenotyping of XRCC1 Arg194Trp, XRCC1 Arg399Gln, XPD Lys751Gln and XPD Asp312Asn was performedby duplex polymerase-chain-reaction with the confronting-two-pair primer method. Our findings indicatedXRCC1 399Gln/Gln genotype was associated with a significant difference in the median survival time comparedwith patients carrying Arg/Trp and Arg/Arg genotypes, and individuals with XPD 751 Gln/ Gln genotype had asignificantly greater survival time than patients carrying Lys/Lys and Lys/Gln genotypes. The Cox’s regressionanalysis showed individuals carrying XRCC1 399Trp/Trp genotype had 0.55 fold risk of death from HCC thanArg/Arg genotype. Similarly, XPD 751Gln/Gln had a strong decreasein comparison to XPD Lys/Lys carriers withan HR of 0.34. These results suggest that polymorphisms in XRCC1 and XPD may have functional significancein the prognosis of HCC.