Awareness of Turkish Female Adolescents and Young Women about HPV and their Attitudes Towards HPV Vaccination


Background: The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge about HPV and HPV vaccines and attitudestowards vaccination among the females aged 9-24 years in Turkey. Materials and
Methods: Self-administeredquestionnaires were filled out individually by the participants covering demographic information, knowledgeabout HPV infection and HPV vaccines, attitudes towards vaccination, and the perceptions of them about theirparental attitudes about vaccination.
Results: Of the 408 subjects participating in the study, 41.6% (n=170) hadheard of HPV. Thirty-three percent (n=136) knew the causal relationship between HPV and cervical cancer.Only 27.9% (n=114) of them knew that HPV vaccines can prevent cervical cancer. Eleven percent (n=46) of thefemales participating in the study were willing to be vaccinated, and only 1.4% (n=6) were already vaccinated atthe current time. The main reason listed among the participants who were not willing to be vaccinated was lackof information.
Conclusions: Awareness and knowledge of Turkish female adolescents and young women aboutHPV, relation with cervical cancer and prevention of cervical cancer by Pap smear and vaccine are still limited.If the most important barrier to vaccination, which is reported as lack of information, were to be addressed, itwould greatly impact the decision-making and vaccine acceptance.