PIK3CA and AKT Gene Polymorphisms in Susceptibility to Osteosarcoma in a Chinese Population


Purpose: To explore the association between PIK3CA and AKT single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNP) andosteosarcoma susceptibility.
Methods: TaqMan polymerase chain reaction(PCR) was used to detect the genotypesof SNPs (rs7646409, rs6973569 and rs9866361) in peripheral blood samples from 59 patients with osteosarcomaand from 63 healthy controls. Unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation betweenSNPs and osteosarcoma risk.
Results: No statistically significant difference was found between osteosarcomapatients and healthy controls in the genotype of AKT rs6973569 (P = 0.7). However, after stratified analysis, thegenotype AA of AKT rs6973569 carried a higher risk of osteosarcoma metastasis (OR:2.94, 95%CL:1.00-8.59);the difference of rs7646409 genotype distributions between the case and control groups was statistically significant(P = 0.032). Taking genotype TT as a reference, the risk of osteosarcoma increased three fold in patients withgenotype CC (OR:3.47, 95%CL:1.26-9.56). A statistically significant difference was found between the allelesC and T (P=0.005). Further analysis showed that the risk factor was more pronounced in male patients withEnneking’s stage IIB and osteoblastic osteosarcoma. PIK3CA rs9866361 did not fit Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium(P < 0.05).
Conclusions: Genotype CC in locus PIK3CA rs7646409 may increase the risk of osteosarcoma in theChinese population.