Survival Analysis of Patients with Gastric Cancer Undergoing Surgery at the Iran Cancer Institute: A Method Based on Multi-State Models


Background: Gastric cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer deaths all over the world and themost important reason for its high rate of death is its belated diagnosis at advanced stages of the disease. Eventsoccur in patients which are regarded not only as themselves factors affecting patients’ survival but also whichcan be affected by other factors. This study was designed and implemented aiming to identify these events andto investigate factors affecting their occurrence. Materials and
Methods: Data from 330 patients with gastriccancer undergoing surgery at the Iran Cancer Institute from 1995-1999 were analyzed. The survival time ofthese patients was determined after surgery and the effects of various factors including demographic, diagnosticand clinical as well as medical, and post-surgical varuiables on the occurrence of death hazard without relapse,hazard of relapse, and death hazard with a relapse were assessed.
Results: The median survival time for thesepatients was 16.3 months and the 5-year survival rate was 21.6%. Based on the results of multi-state model,age and distant metastases affected relapse whereas disease stage, type and extent of surgery, lymph nodesmetastases, and number of renewed treatments affected death hazard without relapse. Moreover, age, typeand extent of surgery, number of renewed treatments, and liver metastases were identified as factors affectingdeath hazard in patients with relapse.
Conclusions: Most cancer studies pay heed to factors which have effecton death occurrence, but some events occur which should be taken into consideration to better describe thenatural process of the disease and provide researchers with more accurate data.