Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 - A Promising Target in Colitis-Associated Cancer


Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancy and fourth most common cause of cancermortality worldwide. Untreated chronic inflammation in the intestine ranks among the top three high-riskconditions for colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC). Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3(STAT3) protein is a member of the STAT family of transcription factors often deregulated in CRC. In this review,we try to emphasize the critical role of STAT3 in CAC as well as the crosstalk of STAT3 with inflammatorycytokines, nuclear factor (NF)-κB, PI3K/Akt, Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR), Notch, Wnt/β-cateninand microRNA (MiR) pathways. STAT3 is considered as a primary drug target to treat CAC in humans androdents. Also we updated the findings for inhibitors of STAT3 with regard to effeects on tumorigenesis. Thisreview will hopefully provide insights on the use of STAT3 as a therapeutic target in CAC.