Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs about Cervical Cancer and Human Papilloma Virus Vaccination with Related Factors in Turkish University Students


Background: This study aimed to determine knowledge, attitudes and believes about cervical cancer andhuman papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination with related factors in Turkish university students. Materials and
Methods: This descriptive and cross sectional study was conducted between June-July 2013 in Hitit Universitylocated in Corum, a rural area to the East of Ankara. The population consisted of 550 university students whowere training in first and last year from Faculties of Economics, Theology and Health. We reached 463 volunteerstudents without selection. The study of data was collected with a 44 item questionaire covering socio-demographicfeatures, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about cervical cancer, HPV and vaccination. Also for this study ethiccommittee report was taken from Bozok University. Data were evaluated with the SPSS 17.0 programme usingthe Ki kare test with P<0.05 accepted as statistically significant.
Results: It was seen that there was a statisticallysignificant variation between classrooms and departments of students with knowledge about cervical cancer andhuman papilloma virus and vaccine (p<0.001; p<0.01; p<0.05). Also we found low attitudes to thinking abouttaking HPV vaccination of girls and their children in the future.
Conclusions: In light of the study findings; itwas concluded that knowledge levels, beliefs and attitudes of the university students about cervical cancer, HPVinfection and HPV vaccination were low.