Socio-Demography and Medical History as Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors


Background: Even after completion of conventional treatment, breast cancer survivors continue to exhibita variety of psychological and physical symptoms, affecting their quality of life. The study aimed to investigatethe relationship between socio-demography, medical characteristics and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL)of a sample of breast cancer survivors in Malaysia. Materials and
Methods: This pilot cross-sectional surveywas conducted among breast cancer survivors (n=40) who were members of Breast Cancer Support GroupCentre Johor Bahru. A validated self-administered questionnaire was used to identify the relationships betweensocio-demography, medical characteristics and HR-QOL of the participants.
Results: Living with family andcompletion of treatment were significant predictive factors of self-rated QOL, while living with family and evergiving birth significantly predicted satisfaction with health and physical health. Psychological health had moderatecorrelations with number of children and early cancer stage. Survivors’ higher personal income (>MYR4,500)was the only significant predictor of social relationship, while age, income more than MYR4,500 and giving birthsignificantly predicted environment domain score.
Conclusions: The findings suggested the survivors copedbetter in all four HR-QOL domains if they were married, lived with family, had children and were employed.