Mutation Analysis of IDH1/2 Genes in Unselected De novo Acute Myeloid Leukaemia Patients in India - Identification of A Novel IDH2 Mutation


IDH1/2 mutations which result in alternation in DNA methylation pattern are one of the most commonmethylation associated mutations in Acute myeloid leukaemia. IDH1/2 mutations frequently associated withhigher platelet level, normal cytogentics and NPM1 mutations. Here we analyzed IDH1/2 mutations in 200 newlydiagnosed unselected Indian adult AML patients and investigated their correlation with clinical, cytogeneticparameters along with cooperating NPM1 mutation. We detected 5.5% and 4% mutations in IDH1/2 genes,respectively. Except IDH2 c.515_516GG>AA mutation, all the other identified mutations were reported mutations.Similar to reported c.515G>A mutation, the novel c.515_516GG>AA mutation replaces 172nd arginine to lysinein the active site of the enzyme. Even though there was a preponderance of IDH1/2 mutations in NK-AML,cytogenetically abnormal patients also harboured IDH1/2 mutations. IDH1 mutations showed significant higherplatelet count and NPM1 mutations. IDH2 mutated patients displayed infrequent NPM1 mutations and lowerWBC count. All the NPM1 mutations in the IDH1/2 mutated cases showed type A mutation. The present datasuggest that IDH1/2 mutations are associated with normal cytogenetics and type A NPM1 mutations in adultIndian AML patients.