Perceptions of Turkish University Students about the Effects of Water Pipe Smoking on Health


Background: The popularity of the water pipe, also referred to as hookah, narghile, shisha or hubble-bubble,has increased tremendously during the past few decades. This study was conducted to determine student waterpipe smoking status and perceptions about the effects of water pipe smoking on health in a state university inAnkara. Materials and
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2014 and January2015. The data were collected with a questionnaire and “The Scale of Perception about the Effects of Water PipeSmoking on Health”. The data obtained were evaluated in IBM SPSS (version 20.0) statistical package programin computer. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for the analyses by checking homogeneity ofvariances and Student’s t-test. Values of p<0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: The total meanscore obtained by young people who took part in the study was determined as (X _=65.20±1.25, min=33, max=75).Upon comparison of the total mean scores obtained by young people from the Scale of Perception about theeffects of water pipe smoking on health and gender variable, the scores obtained by the females students werehigher than those of the male students with a statistically significant difference (t=7.525, p<0.05). A statisticallysignificant difference was observed between the total mean scores obtained by young people with cigarette andwater pipe smoking status (for each, t=-3.731, p<0.05; t=-13.987, p<0.05).
Conclusions: In conclusion, universitystudents have wrong knowledge on the dangers of water pipe smoking. There was a high prevalence of usingwater pipes among university students. Gender significantly affected the perceptions about the effect of waterpipe smoking on health in our sample.