Comparison of Two Different Educational Methods for Teachers’ Mammography Based on the Health Belief Model


Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. One way to decrease the burden ofthis cancer is early detection through mammography. This study compared the effectiveness of two differenteducational methods for teachers’ uptake of mammography based on the Health Belief Model. Materials and
Methods: The current study was a randomised trial of 120 teachers over 40 years old in two groups receivingmultimedia or group education, both based on the Health Belief Model. Participants completed questionnairesbefore, immediately and three months after educational intervention. Mammography was evaluated beforeand after educational intervention.
Results: The participants in the two groups were demographically similar.Comparison showed no difference noted in the scores of knowledge, perceived barriers, susceptibility, andseverity constructs between two groups (p > 0.05). Health motivation and benefit were perceived to be higher inthe group education compared to the multimedia group. There was a significant difference in mammographybetween two groups after the intervention (p= 0.003).
Conclusions: Planning and implementation of educationalprogram based on the Health Belief Model can raise knowledge and increase participation in mammographyespecially with group education.