Incidence and Mortality of Bladder Cancer and their Relationship with Development in Asia


Background: Over the past decade, bladder cancer was associated with a significant increase. Given theimportance of the impact of socioeconomic status on the distribution of cancer incidence and mortality, and theneed to information on these parameters for prevention planning, the aim of this study was to evaluate datafor bladder cancer and their relationship with human development index (HDI) and its components in Asia in2012. Materials and
Methods: The study was conducted based on data from the world data of cancer and theWorld Bank (including the HDI and its components). The incidence and mortality rates were drawn for Asiancountries. To analyze data, correlation tests between incidence and death rates, and HDI and its components wereemployed with a significance level of 0.05 using SPSS software.
Results: A total incidence of 696,231 cases (68.7%in males and 31.3% in females, sex ratio of 2.19:1) and 524,465 deaths (67.0% in men and 32.9% in women, sexratio was 2.03:1) were recorded in Asian countries in 2012. Correlation between HDI and standardized incidencerate was 0.241 overall (p=0.106), 0.236 in men (p=0.114) and -0.250 in women (p=0.094). Also between HDI andstandardized mortality rate 0.025 (p=0.871) in men 0.118 (p=0.903) and in women 0.014 (p=0.927).
Conclusions:Bladder cancer incidence is higher in developed countries, but the rate is declining, and in less developed anddeveloping countries it is growing. There was no statistically significant correlation between the standardizedincidence rate of bladder cancer and the HDI and its dimensions in Asia, except for the level of education.