JAK-2 V617F Mutational Analysis in Primary Idiopathic Myelofibrosis: Experience from Southern Pakistan


Background: Primary idiopathic myelofibrosis (PMF) is a clonal Ph-chromosome negative myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by dysregulated kinase signaling and release of abnormal cytokines. In the recent past, following JAK2 V617F mutation invention, important revolution has been made in the molecular diagnostic biology of this disease. The rational of this study was to determine the mutational status of JAK2 V617F in Pakistan patients with PMF. Materials and
Methods: In this cross sectional study, 20 patients with PMF were enrolled from January 2011 to December 2014. Diagnosis was based on WHO criteria for PMF. All patients were screened for G-T point mutation (V617F) in the JAK2 gene on chromosome 9 by allele specific PCR.
Results: The mean age was 57.9 ± 16.5years. The male to female ratio was 3:1. The frequency of JAK2 V617F positivity in our PMF patients was found to be 55%. Positive correlations of JAK2 V617F mutation were established with high TLC count, raised LDH and marked splenomegaly (P<0.05). No correlation of JAK2 V617F could be established with age and gender (P>0.05).
Conclusions: The JAK2 V617F mutation frequency in our PMF patients was similar to those reported previously. In our hands JAK2 V617F mutated patients expressed an aggressive disease phenotype. Screening for the mutation in all suspected PMF cases could be beneficial in differentiating patients with reactive and clonal marrow fibrosis.