High Rate of Gangrenous Adnexal Torsion: a Dilemma of Missing Silent Cancer

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,PrapokklaoHospital, Chanthaburi, Thailand

2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Prapokklao hospital, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

3 Department of Preclinical Science,Thammasat University, PathumThani, Thailand

4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Chulabhorn International College of Medicine, Thammasat University, PathumThani, Thailand


Background: Adnexal torsion results in ischemia of structures distal to twisted pedicle and acute onset of pain is responsible for about 3% of all gynecologic emergencies. Ovarian torsion classically occurs in a pathological enlarged ovary, as with cancer, but diagnosis remains a challenge. Objective: Our purpose was to evaluate clinical risk factors predictive of torsion with gangrenous adnexa. Material and methods: A retrospective descriptive study and chart review of surgically proven ovarian torsion/adnexal torsion cases at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Prapokklao Hospital, Chanthaburi, Thailand between January 2011 and December 2015 was conducted. Result: Seventy-eight cases were identified. Mean age at presentation was 35.5 years. The average maximum diameter of the ovarian tumors was 10.8 cm. The percentage of gangrenous ovarian cysts in this study was 46.2 (36/78). The precision to determine the pathological site by patient, physician and ultrasonography was 8.5, 24.2 and 83.3 percent, respectively with statistically significant variation. Conclusion: Ovarian/adnexal torsion remains a challenge condition especially in young nulliparous women. Sophisticated investigation does not guarantee ovary preservation. Combining clinical acumen, appropriate tests and detailed consideration may be the best practice at the present time.