Relationship between Depression and Self-care in Iranian Patients with Cancer

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Department of Medical- Surgical Nursing, Mazandaran Pediateric Infectious Disease Research Center (MPIDRC), Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

3 Bsc Student of Laboratory sciences, Student Research Committee, Gilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran


Background: The current cross-sectional study was carried out to determine relationships between self-care and depression in patients with cancer. Materials and Methods: From October to December, 2015, 380 patients with cancer admitted to the associated university’s medical sciences hospitals (Sari, Iran), were entered into the study using non random sampling (accessible sampling). Data were collected by demographic questionnaire, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and a Self-care Questionnaire. Results: Males (48.4±13±39; CI95: 46.4-50.4) were older than females (45.3±18.4; CI95:42.8-47.9). Spearman correlation analysis results showed that there was a significant negative correlation between self-care and depression (r= -0.134, P<0.05) and also a significant inverse relationship between physical (r= -0.166, P=0.001), psychological (r= -0.207, P<0.001) and emotional self-care (r= -0.179, P<0.001) with depression. Conclusions: It appears that self-care measures such as training of physical exercises, promotion of physical self-care, holding counseling sessions and psychotherapy can reduce depression levels.


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