Document Type : Research Articles
Laboratory of Public Health, Division of Nutritional Sciences, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan.
R and D, Department Research- Health Care Food Research, Kao Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
Background: Tea catechins are considered to be important preventive factors of cancer on several organs; however, the relationships of the actual daily intakes (ADIs) on the preventive effects have not been adequately addressed. We measured the ADIs of tea catechins as annual averages derived from every their ingested cups recorded by each subject, and the estimation models were established considering tea origin. Methods: Fifty-nine Japanese men and women completed four season 3 day weighed dietary records (WDRs) and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and samples of green, oolong and black teas, ingested during a total 12 days were collected for the analysis. The ADIs of the total and composed catechins of all tea samples were measured by a high-performance liquid chromatography. The estimation models for the ADIs (R2: coefficient of determination) based on the WDRs and FFQ were established with multiple regression analysis using appropriate confounding factors. Results: The ADIs of total catechins and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) were 110 and 21.4 mg/day in men and 157 and 34.7 mg/day in women, respectively. The total catechins ADIs were positively associated with green tea consumption based on WDRs and FFQ (adjusted R2 =0.421 and 0.341 for men and 0.346 and 0.238 for women, pConclusions: We revealed the ADIs of total catechins and EGCg as annual averages could establish their estimation models. These provide reference information to clarify their relationships with cancer risks.