Expression of VEGF and Cox-2 in Patients with Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Departments of Pathology, Federal University of São Paulo, UNIFESP, SP, Brazil.

2 John Wayne Cancer Institute, Santa Monica, CA, United States of America.

3 Statistics, Federal University of São Paulo, UNIFESP, SP, Brazil.


Esophageal cancer is a highly aggressive neoplasm. In Brazil, it is the sixth most frequent among men and fifteenth among women. The most common type is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), responsible for 96% of cases. Twenty-eight specimens of Esophael squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) were obtained by surgery procedures.The tissues were fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. In each case, all available hematoxylin and eosin stained sections were examined and a representative block was selected. The ages of these patients ranged from 40 to 93 years, with a mean age of 60 years. Results: The histological grade of tumors was 4 well-differentiated, 19 moderately differentiated and 5 poorly differentiated. Expression of Cox-2 and VEGF in ESCC was demonstrated in 23 (82,14%) and 13 (44,43%) cases, respectively. Adjacent normal mucosa was positive in 11 (39,29%) samples and 9 (32,15%) samples for Cox-2 and VEGF, respectively. No relationship between the expression of Cox-2 and VEGF with the clinicopathological parameters, including gender, age, surgical margin, lymph node status and tumor differentiation. The median follow-up period was 60 months. Survival analysis of patients with ESCC showed no relationship with the expression of Cox-2 and VEGF. Conclusion: VEGF and Cox-2 are expressed in ESCC. Cox-2, VEGF, play a significant role in the origin and development of ESCC and the inhibitors of these proteins could prove to be an important therapeutic tool in the control of this disease.


Main Subjects