Socio-Cognitive Determinants of the Mammography Screening Uptake among Iranian Women

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Public Health, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Background: Mammography screening uptake is the most effective method in breast cancer screening. The aim
of this study was to determine the determinants related to mammography screening uptake among Iranian women
based on the theory of planned behavior. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among
408 women who referred to health centers in Kermanshah city, the western of Iran, during 2016. Participants filled
out a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 using Pearson correlation, linear and
logistic regression statistical tests at 95% significant level. Results: The mean age of participants was 39.61 years
[SD: 8.28], ranged from 30 to 60 years. Almost 13% of the participants had already mammography screening uptake
at least once. Perceived behavioral control (OR=1.229) and behavioral intention (OR=1.283) were the more influential
predictors on mammography screening uptake. Conclusions: Based on result, it seems increase perceived behavior
control toward mammography screening uptake may be usefulness in promotion of mammography screening uptake
among Iranian women.


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