Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the Offspring Cancer Needs Instrument (OCNI)

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Ayatollah Taleghani Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Aim: The offspring cancer needs instrument (OCNI) was developed specifically for assessing unmet psychosocial
needs of adolescents and young adults who have a parent with cancer. The aim of this study is to examine the
psychometric properties of the Persian version of this instrument. Methods: For this methodological study, translation
of OCNI into Persian was conducted using translation and back-translation and revision in line with the developer
of the instrument. Then, face and content validity, construct validity, internal consistency and stability of the Persian
version of the instrument were examined with a population of 188 adolescents and young people having a parent with
cancer in five hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 and LISREL 8.5. Results: The final
Persian version of the instrument demonstrated face and content validity proven by expert and participant reviews.
Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed construct validity of the instrument and its seven subscales. Cronbach’s alpha
was 0.96 for the total instrument and 0.76-0.93 for its seven subscales. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)
calculated to evaluate the test-retest reliability, was 0.83. Conclusions: The Persian version of OCNI has acceptable
psychometric properties. It can be used for measuring psychosocial unmet needs in adolescents and young adults in
Persian language populations who have a parent with cancer


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