XRCC1 Gene Polymorphism Increases the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Egyptian Population

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Clinical Pathology, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Egypt.

2 Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt.

3 Hepatology and Gastroenterology, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.


Several major risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have been identified, including chronic infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). Nevertheless, only a fraction of infected patients develops HCC during their lifetime suggesting that genetic factors might modulate HCC development. X-ray repair cross complementing group1 (XRCC1) participates in the repair pathways of DNA. Aim: to investigate the association between XRCC1 gene polymorphism and HCC in Egyptian chronic hepatitis C patients. Methods: This study was assessed on 40 patients with HCC secondary to chronic HCV infection who were compared to 20 cirrhotic HCV patients and 40- age and gender- matched healthy control group. After collection of relevant clinical data and basic laboratory tests, c.1517G>C SNP of XRCC1 gene polymorphism was performed by (PCR-RFLP) technique. Results: A statistically higher frequency of XRCC1 (CC, GC) genotypes and increased (C) allele frequency in patients with HCC was found in comparison to cirrhotic HCV patients as well as control group. In addition, patients with the XRCC1 (CC, GC) genotypes had significantly higher number and larger size of tumor foci and significantly higher Child Pugh grades. Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of c.1517G>C SNP of XRCC1 gene is an independent risk for the development of HCC in chronic HCV patients with 3.7 fold increased risk of HCC development. In conclusion: XRCC1 gene polymorphism could be associated with increased risk of HCC development in chronic HCV Egyptian patients.


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