Perceptions of Midwives on Pap Smear Tests during Pregnancy

Document Type : Research Articles


Department of Health Care Sciences, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, South Africa.


Purpose: The aim of the study was to explore and describe perceptions of midwives on Papanicolaou (Pap smear) test during pregnancy. Methods: The study used qualitative, exploratory type of design. A probability purposive sampling was used to sample 12 registered midwives based in gynaecological units in a public hospital in Tshwane District, South Africa. Open-ended questionnaires, field notes, and audio tape were used to collect data. Data analysis process involved grouping and categorization into themes and sub-themes. Results: This study showed that majority of midwives lacked scientific knowledge behind Pap smear test during pregnancy. Some of the participants could relate with the test and verbalized that there may be complications such as bleeding, which may lead to miscarriage. Conclusions: Findings showed that midwives were not performing Pap smear tests among pregnant women due lack of knowledge. This points out that Pap smear test is not prioritised as a secondary preventive tool at facility level. It is therefore recommended that refresher workshops be conducted at hospital level.


Main Subjects

Volume 21, Issue 10
October 2020
Pages 3039-3043
  • Receive Date: 25 May 2020
  • Revise Date: 24 July 2020
  • Accept Date: 06 October 2020
  • First Publish Date: 06 October 2020