AKT1 Polymorphism (rs10138227) and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Moroccan Population: A Case Control Study

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Laboratoire De Biotechnologie (MedBiotech), Faculté De Medecine Et De Pharmacie De Rabat, Université Mohamed V De Rabat, Rabat, Maroc, Morocco.

2 Instituts Des Analyses Génétique De La Gendarmerie Royale De Rabat, Maroc, Morocco.

3 Biotechnology Laboratory (Medbiotech), Rabat Medical and Pharmacy School, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Rabat, Morroco.

4 Faculté De Medecine Et De Pharmacie De Rabat, Université Mohamed V Rabat, Rabaat Maroc, Morocco.


Background: LMTK3 and AKT1 each have a role in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. The analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms of AKT1 and LMTK3 could lead to more complete and accurate risk estimates for colorectal cancer. Aim: We evaluated the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of AKT1 and LMTK3 and the risk of colorectal cancer in a case-control study in Moroccan population. Methods: Genomic DNA from 70 colorectal cancer patients and 50 healthy control subjects was extracted from whole blood. Genotyping was performed by direct sequencing after polymerase chain reactions for the 7 SNPs (AKT1rs1130214G/T, AKT1rs10138227C/T, AKT1rs3730358C/T, AKT1rs1000559097G/A, AKT1rs2494737A/T, LMTK3rs8108419G/A, and LMTK3rs9989661A/G.). Study subjects provided detailed information during the collection. All P values come from bilateral tests. Results: In the logistic regression analysis, a significantly high risk of colorectal cancer was associated with TC/TT genotypes of rs10138227 with adjusted odds ratio [OR] equal to 2.82 and 95% confidence interval [CI] of 1.15 to 6.91. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the SNP AKT1rs10138227 could affect susceptibility to CRC, probably by modulating the transcriptional activity of AKT1. However, larger independent studies are needed to validate our results.


Main Subjects