Experiences of End-of-Life Care of Older Adults with Cancer From the Perspective of Stakeholdersin Iran: A Content Analysis Study

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Nursing, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto , Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Objectives:To describe end-of-life care forolder adults with cancer admitted to the hospital in Tehran, Iranto determine if there were any gaps in care for older adultsthat can be improved. Materials:This study used a qualitative descriptive study design. In total, 37 individualsincluding patients, healthcare team members, and family caregivers, participated in the study. Semi-structured interviews using topic guides were conducted, and the thematic content analysis method described by Braun and Clarke (2006), was used to analyze the data. Results: In total, 37 Iranian participants (12 male and 25 female), including 14 nurses, 3 oncologists, 1 social worker, 1 chaplain, 1 psychologist, 11 family members and 6 patientsinterviewed.Our main themes of end-of-life carewere:1) barriers to providing and receiving quality care for families and patients; and 2) coping strategies and empowerment of families and patients. Conclusion: Healthcare providers are recommended to familiarize themselves with the burden faced by patients and family caregivers who take care of older adults with chronic diseases at home, and they should organize their supportive and consulting actions. In order to improve the quality of life of older patientsand their family caregivers.


Main Subjects

Volume 22, Issue 1
January 2021
Pages 295-300
  • Receive Date: 27 August 2019
  • Revise Date: 19 September 2019
  • Accept Date: 10 January 2021
  • First Publish Date: 10 January 2021