Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Hematology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Hematology and Blood Banking, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
University of Odense, Iran.
Department of Medical Genetics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mimic hypoxia on proliferation, the expression of significant miRNAs, and genes involved in drug resistance in MOLT-4 and KG1 cell lines. Materials and Methods: The KG1 and MOLT-4 cell lines were cultured in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 20% FBS and 10% FBS respectively. The MTT test was used for determining the optimum dose of CoCl2 for KG1 and MOLT-4 cell lines. Western blotting was used for the detection of HIF-1a protein and the confirmation of mimic hypoxia induced by CoCl2. For evaluating the effect of mimic hypoxia on proliferation of MOLT-4 and KG1 cell lines, cell counting was done using trypan blue at 24, 48, and 72 hours. Furthermore, the results obtained from cell counting were confirmed with the MTT test. Total RNA was extracted using the RNX Plus solution kit according to the manufacturer’s protocol. The expression of genes and miRNAs was evaluated with real time PCR. Results: According to this study, mimic hypoxia induced by CoCl2 contributes to the overexpression of drug resistance related genes including MDR1, MRP1, FOXM1, BCL-xl genes, and the suppression of PUMA gene compared to the control group. The results also showed that mimic hypoxia condition leads to the up-regulation of miR-9 and down-regulation of miR-27a and miR-370. Additionally, our outcomes demonstrated that mimic hypoxia has an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of MOLT-4 and KG1 cell lines. Conclusion: Treatment with CoCl2 has an inhibitory effect on the proliferation of MOLT-4 and KG1 cell lines independent from real hypoxia. Additionally, mimic hypoxia has a substantial effect on the expression of genes and miRNAs involved in drug resistance. Finally, we are still far away to discover the exact functional mechanisms of hypoxia on drug resistance but these evaluations can provide new perspectives into this field for the upcoming studies.