Microsatellite Instability in Sporadic Colorectal Malignancy: A Pilot Study from Northern India

Document Type : Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

2 Department of Pathology, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Abstract

Background: Three molecular pathways are described as the genetic basis of colorectal tumorigenesis. Among these, microsatellite instability (MSI) has shown greatest promise in serving as a biomarker to determine disease aggression by tumour biology, recurrence, and response to chemotherapy. Methodology: This prospective observational pilot study included patients of colorectal cancers, in a population subset coming to a tertiary care hospital in northern India, who were operated with curative or palliative intent over a period of one year and followed up for a maximum of 55 months. The post-operative pathological assessment was done for MSI status using PCR technique, and an attempt was made to evaluate its correlation with conventional clinical and histological parameters, early recurrences, disease-free survival and overall survival in comparison to MSS type tumours in sporadic cases of colorectal malignancies. Results: Out of 38 patients of colorectal cancer, 26 were included in the study. Male to female ratio was 7:6 (n=14:12). Mean age of presentation was 48±14.2 years. Incidence of MSI was n=4 (15.4%). On subgroup analysis, age of presentation (p=0.044) and evidence of perineural invasion (p=0.017) was found to have significant statistical association with MSI tumour biology. Recurrence was seen in seven of the seventeen patients who previously had no synchronous or metastatic disease (41.2%). The mean disease-free survival for MSS was 21.32 months and was 25.25 months for MSI group which was statistically insignificant (p = 0.277). Out of four MSI tumour biology patients one was alive and without recurrence at 47 months. While the other two were alive and without recurrence till 27 months of follow-up.   Conclusion: Age and perineural invasion showed statistically significant association with MSI tumour biology. Due to the small sample size statistical significance was not established with site, recurrence rate, DFS and OS.

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Volume 22, Issue 7
July 2021
Pages 2279-2288
  • Receive Date: 01 May 2021
  • Revise Date: 14 June 2021
  • Accept Date: 22 July 2021
  • First Publish Date: 22 July 2021