Caring Needs of Cancer Patients from the Perspective of Home Care Nurses: A Qualitative Study

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Qualitative Research Center Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

5 Department of Nursing, Khoy University of Medical Sciences, Khoy, Iran.


Objective: Cancer is the third leading cause of death in Iran. Todays, caregiving to patients with cancer is shifting towards home based care, and home care needs from a caregiver’s perspective can help improve the patient care. This qualitative study aimed to examine the home care needs of cancer patients from the perspective of home care nurses. Methods: This is a qualitative descriptive study carried out at home care centers in the northwest of Iran. A total of 15 participants were recruited through purposive sampling and underwent face-to-face semi-structured interviews. Data were analyzed through Conventional content analysis method in MAXQDA software.  Measures of trustworthiness were established throughout the study using Lincoln and Guba’s (1985) criteria (dependability, credibility, transferability, and confirmability). Results: Data analysis resulted in the extraction of four main categories including physical needs (pain relief, gastrointestinal problems including nausea and anorexia and nutritional problems, lethargy, wound care), psychological support (need for hope and emotional support), educational needs (need for information and self-care) and financial support (service insurance coverage, charity support). To promote these patients home care, insurance coverage of nursing home care services was emphasized by the participants. Conclusion: Various aspects of cancer patients home care needs were identified. Interdisciplinary home-based palliative care collaboration is needed to address their physical, psychological, and moral needs.


Main Subjects

Volume 23, Issue 1
January 2022
Pages 71-77
  • Receive Date: 16 April 2021
  • Revise Date: 02 October 2021
  • Accept Date: 30 November 2021
  • First Publish Date: 01 January 2022