Psychometric Properties of the Thai Version of Supportive Care Needs Survey-Partners and Caregivers (T- SCNS-P&C) for Cholangiocarcinoma Caregivers

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Faculty of Nursing, Khon kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

2 Faculty of Nursing, Western University, Buriram, Thailand.

3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ang Thong Hospital, Ang Thong, Thailand.


Background: Unmet needs of cancer patients and caregivers are also closely linked with patients and their family well-being. Identifying and focusing on caregivers’ unmet need have been recommended to reduce their burden and improve their quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Thai version of Supportive Care Needs Survey for Partners and Caregivers (T-SCNS-P&C) among Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) caregivers. Methods: The T-SCNS-P&C was developed using standardized translation methodology. A total of 231 CCA caregivers completed the T- SCNS-P&C. The internal consistency of the scale was examined with Cronbach’s alpha. Construct validity was analyzed using Pearson correlations coefficient with the physical effects, stage, anxiety and depression, age, and education level. To assess the factorial validity of the T-SCNS-P&C, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed. Results: The T- SCNS-P&C indicated good readability and high content validity for use as an assessment tool among Thai CCA caregivers. All Cronbach’s α coefficients were above the minimum acceptable criterion of ≥0.70. For construct validity, higher physical effect scores and higher anxiety and depression scores, as well as poorer QOL scores and younger caregivers, were significantly positively associated with higher levels of unmet needs. CFA indicated that the four factor structure of the T-SCNS-P&C was a good fit to the data. Conclusion: The T-SCNS-P&C demonstrated acceptable reliability and validity for assessing unmet needs among CCA caregivers in Thailand. Using this simple assessment to target the individual needs of these caregivers can help healthcare professionals providing effective personalized care.


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