Assessment of Videos on YouTubeTM about Nasopharyngeal Cancer in Terms of Accuracy, Reliability and Understandability

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Campus of Balcali, 01330, Saricam/Adana, Turkey.

2 Department of Biostatistics, Medical Faculty, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey.


Introduction: In the internet era we live in, it is very easy to access information. While this situation has positive effects for patients using the internet, it also brings some negative effects. The effects of the quality of YouTube™ videos on nasopharyngeal cancer were examined. Methods: “Nasopharyngeal Cancer” as search term was used to conduct a search on YouTube™. The ‘Sort by’ search filter was set at ‘relevance’, which is the default for YouTube™ searches. The first 250 results were reviewed and analyzed. After the videos were eliminated according to the exclusion criteria, 45 videos were evaluated by two authors. Video materials were categorized according to “video type” and “source of content”. According to “video type” and “source of content” the videos were categorized into  two as educational and testimonial and three as medical institution, medical website, and individual users. After recording the features of all evaluated videos, accuracy score, audiovisual score, modified discern score, patient education materials assessment tool for audiovisual materials (PEMAT) score and usefulness score were determined for each video to evaluate the accuracy, reliability, and understandability of the videos. Results: The usefulness score, modified discern score, and accuracy score of the educational videos were significantly higher than testimonial videos (p<0.001 for all). Educational videos provided more useful and accurate video content than testimonial videos. In addition, it was also determined that the median PEMAT actionability score and audiovisual score of the individual group were statistically significantly lower than medical institutions and medical websites (p=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). The videos provided by medical institutions, including universities, did not have a significant advantage over other groups in terms of accuracy, reliability, and usefulness. Conclusion: Healthcare videos concerning nasopharyngeal cancer on YouTube™ are heterogeneous and are not peer reviewed. Therefore, medical professions on nasopharyngeal cancer need to upload more accurate, reliable and easy to understand videos onto online platforms such as YouTube™.


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