Evaluation of KISS1 Receptor Gene Expression in Egyptian Female Patients with Breast Cancer

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University

2 Department of Chemical pathology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt.

3 Department of Experimental and Clinical Surgery, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt.

4 Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandra University, Egypt.

5 Resident at department of Chemical pathology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Egypt.


Objective: Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world. Many metastasis suppressor genes were identified, including the KISS1 gene which encodes for a 145 amino acid protein (kisspeptin-145), which undergoes proteolytic cleavage resulting in kisspeptin-14, -13 and -10. All of these proteins can activate KISS1 receptor (KISS1R). The role of KP/KISS1R signaling in breast cancer remains controversial. The present study aimed to measure mRNA gene expression of KISS1 receptor in healthy and cancerous breast tissue and to evaluate the association of its level with the available molecular subtypes and the traditional clinico-pathological variables. Methods: The study was done on 41 operable primary breast cancer patients. Biopsies from both tumor tissue and surrounding healthy mammary tissue were taken from all patients. KISS1R mRNA expression level was measured using a quantitative real time PCR.   Results: KISS1R mRNA expression was significantly higher in stage III patients compared to stage II patients. At a cut-off value for KISS1R mRNA expression of 1.75, stage II was discriminated from stage III. A significant positive correlation was found between KISS1R mRNA expression and tumor size as well as lymph nodes metastasis. KISS1R mRNA was highly expressed in ER negative cases compared to ER positive ones, and in PR negative cases compared to PR positive ones. There was a statistically significant difference in KISS1R mRNA expression levels and different molecular subtypes being over-expressed in HER2 and triple negative cancer cases. Conclusion: This study supports other studies suggesting that KISS1/KISS1R may not be acting as a metastasis suppressor in breast cancer. KISS1R mRNA is over expressed in advanced stages of breast cancer and hence it can be used as a prognostic marker for aggressiveness of breast cancer. Also being over expressed in triple negative patients, KISS1R could represent a promising therapeutic target in triple negative cases. 


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