Quality of Life and Psychological Wellbeing of Breast Cancer Survivors in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Mutah University, Karak, Jordan.tah University, Karak, Jordan.

2 Department of Internal Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, AlAhsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

3 Department of Industrial Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

4 Comprehensive Cancer Center, King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

5 King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

6 MENA Center for Research and Development and Internship, Jordan.

7 Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

8 Oncology Center, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, MNGHA, KSA.

9 Oncology Center, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, MNGHA, KSA.


Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Saudi population. Breast cancer patients suffer from several negative consequences after treatment and these include pain, fatigue, sexual problems, appearance and body image concerns, with psychological dysfunction. This could affect the patient quality of life and psychological well-being. Methods: a multicenter cross-sectional study to assess quality of life and psychological wellbeing and their predictors for female breast cancers survivors diagnosed between 1 January 2015 and May 2017 with the assessment conducted at 12 to 36 months after initial diagnosis. Assessment was performed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), the Breast Module (QLQ-BR23) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: 246 Breast cancer patients participated in the study with a mean age of 49.5±10.9. The mean global health status has a mean of 72.7±23.5. The worst domain of the functioning scales was physical functioning (mean score of 62.14±26.03, while the best scores were for social functioning of 80.06±29.18. For the symptom scales, the worst scores were reported for fatigue and pain. Results of HADS scale showed that 57% had moderate to severe depression, while 44% had moderate to severe anxiety. Only 6.8% of the participants reported receiving psychosocial support. Discussion: Breast cancer survivors in the KSA have overall good quality of life scores when compared with patients from Western countries. However, their psychological wellbeing is more impaired. There is an urgent need for psychosocial support programs and psychological screening and consultation for breast cancer patients at cancer care centers in the KSA.


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