Document Type : Research Articles
Medical Biochemistry& Molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Medical Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Suez University, Suez, Egypt.
Hematologyl unit, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Clinical Oncology and Nuclear Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt.
Background: miRNA 223 /125a and Cordon-bleu Protein Like 1 (COBLL1) are novel biomarkers that can predict prognosis and guide treatment decisions in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Also, there is a growing interest in CLL monitoring based on flow cytometry of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor-1 (ROR-1). Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between miRNA 223 /125a and COBLL1 expressions and ROR-1 expression in patients with CLL. Also, the study evaluated the relationship between the expression of these biomarkers with tumor staging and cancer progression. Methods: Our study included 40 patients newly diagnosed with B-CLL. In peripheral blood (PB), miRNA 223/125a and COBLL1 expressions were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) and ROR-1 percentage was detected by flow cytometry before and after treatment. Results: High level of COBLL1 expression was statistically significantly associated with high ROR-1 percentage expression (P= 0.03). However, a high level of miRNA 223/125a expression was statistically significantly associated with low ROR-1 percentage expression (P=0.002). The sensitivity and specificity of ROR-1 as a predictor of high WBCs count after treatment were 96.6 and 81.1%, respectively. There was a statistically significant reduction of ROR-1 percentage after treatment compared to before treatment (P <0.001). Conclusion: ROR-1 percentage expression can be considered a possible prognostic predictor in CLL along with miRNA 223/125a and COBLL1 expressions. This can be explained by the significant correlation between ROR-1 and the studied molecular biomarkers; miRNA 223/125a and COBLL1. In addition, there was a significantly higher ROR-1 percentage in patients with higher WBC counts. Moreover, there was a significant reduction in ROR-1 percentage after treatment.