CYP2D6 and CYP2E1 Gene Polymorphisms and their Association with Cervical Cancer Susceptibility: A Hospital Based Case-Control Study from South-Western Maharashtra

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Molecular Biology & Genetics, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, “Deemed to be University”, Taluka-Karad, Dist- Satara, Pin-415 539, (Maharashtra) India.

2 Department of Oncology Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences “Deemed to be University” Taluka-Karad, Dist- Satara, Pin-415 539, Maharashtra, India.


Background: In last few years several studies all over the world discovered the genetic polymorphisms in different cytochrome P450 genes associated with risk of various cancers, but contradictory outcomes were evidenced in case of cervical cancer risk.  In this case-control study we aimed to see whether the polymorphism of CYP2D6 or CYP2E1 genes may or may not be associated with cervical cancer risk in women of rural Maharashtra. Methods: In this case-control study, the association of CYP2D6 and CYP2E1 gene polymorphism with cervical cancer risk was studied by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. The study was conducted with 350 clinically confirmed cervical cancer patients and 350 healthy women in a population of South-Western Maharashtra. The Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval and p-value were evaluated, where p ≤0.005 was considered as statistically significant. Results: After the analysis of SNP (rs389209) of CYP2D6 and SNPs (rs2031920, rs6413432, rs6413420) of CYP2E1, we noticed that variant allele A of CYP2E1*6 showed significant increase in cervical cancer cases (OR=4.81; 95% CI: 1.57- 14.77; p=0.005). The genotypic distribution of heterozygote G/A genotype of CYP2D6*4 showed negative association with cervical cancer development when age of cancer occurrence (OR=0.41; 95% CI: 0.27- 0.61; p<0.0001) and tobacco history (OR=0.35; 95% CI: 0.20- 0.59; p=0.0001) was considered. Conclusion: The findings from this study supported that rs6413432 SNP of CYP2E1*6 increased cervical cancer risk in the studied rural women population.


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