A Comprehensive Evaluation of Single Isocenter Multiple Target SRS Plans and the Analytical Relationship between Plan Quality Indices with the Number and Volume of Targets

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Tamil Nadu Medical Services Corporation Ltd, 417, Pantheon road, Egmore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

2 Department of Physics, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Government Royapettah Hospital, 1, West Cott road, Royapettah, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.


Objective: To study the relationship of plan quality indices with the number and volume of target for 5 to 10 brain metastases treated with LINAC-based Single Isocenter Multiple Target (SIMT) Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) planning and to determine the maximum volume of spherical targets treated without exceeding the normal tissue tolerances. Methods: Spherical targets of 5 to 10 numbers per plan, with individual target volumes ranging from 0.025 cc to 11.5 cc, were simulated with randomly drawn planning target volumes (PTVs) within the brain. SIMT SRS plans were generated for the 21 Gy prescription dose with a 6 MV Flattening Filter Free photon beam. Target coverage, organ at risk sparing, plan quality indices, R50%, and gradient measure were studied. Mean brain dose, V12 for Brain minus PTV (BmP), V10, V12, V15, V18, V20, and V24 for brain volume were evaluated. Equations relating the gradient index, mean brain dose, and V12 (BmP) to the given number and volume of the targets were constructed. Results: PTV coverage D98 was 98.77 ± 1.37 %. The mean CIRTOG, QRTOG, HIRTOG, CIP, GI, and R50% of the individual targets were 1.02 ± 0.08, 0.94 ± 0.02, 1.49 ± 0.11, 0.91 ± 0.06, 4.74 ± 2.3, and 4.95 ± 2.67, respectively. The gradient measure achieved was in the range of 0.49 to 1.35 cm. The mean brain dose was in the range of 1.62 to 6.69 Gy. The mean V12 (BmP) per target obtained was 3.85 ± 2.83 cc. Conclusion: Equations relating the number and volume of targets to the gradient measure, mean brain dose, V12 (BmP), and V10-24 can serve as a baseline for multiple brain metastases SIMT planning. The target volume for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 targets that can be treated without exceeding V12 (BmP) is 6, 5, 4.7, 4, 3.7, and 3.4 cc, respectively, for the 21 Gy prescription dose.


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