Prostate Cancer Mortality in Peru: An Update from 2003 to 2017

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Cancer Research Networking, Scientific University of the South, Lima, Peru.

2 Latin American Network for Cancer Research (LAN–CANCER), Lima, Peru.

3 Professional School of Human Medicine, San Juan Bautista Private University, Chincha Branch, Ica, Peru.

4 Cancer Center, Medical Center American British Cowdray, Mexico City, Mexico.


Objective: We estimated the mortality trends for prostate cancer in Peru and its geographical areas between 2003 and 2017. Material and Methods: We obtained recorded prostate cancer deaths from the Peruvian Ministry of Health Database between 2003 and 2017. Age-adjusted mortality rates per 100,000 men-year were computed with the direct method using the world standard SEGI population. We estimated the annual percent change (APC) using the Joinpoint regression program. Results: A total of 38,617 prostate cancer deaths were reported between 2003 and 2017, with a mortality rate ranging from 18.21 to 19.94 deaths per 100,000 men-year. Since 2006, Peru has experienced a decrease of 2.2 deaths per year, whereas the mortality rate in the coastal region has declined by 2.9% per year.  The highlands and rainforest regions showed stable trends throughout the entire study period. According to provinces, only Moquegua had a significant decrease (APC: -6.0, 95%CI: -11.4, -0.2, p<0.05) from 2003 to 2017. Conclusions: Although mortality rates are decreasing, there is a high mortality burden by prostate cancer in Peru and by geographical regions, being mostly concentrated in the coastal region. The rainforest provinces deserve the most attention. Our findings suggest wide health care disparities among the different regions of Peru that need greater public health attention to reduce the burden of mortality by prostate cancer.


Main Subjects