Influence of Micro-RNA-423 Gene Variation on Risk and Characteristics of Breast Cancer

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Medical Microbiology & Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

2 Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

3 Medical Oncology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.


Background: Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) are post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression that are abundantly expressed in a variety of cancers, including breast cancer. The mechanism of miRNAs in breast cancer oncogenesis is poorly understood. The goal of this study was to determine if there was a link between the miR-423 rs6505162 gene variation and breast cancer susceptibility among Egyptian patients. Methods: This was a case control study that included 120 female patients with pathologically confirmed breast cancer and 120 healthy controls. The patients and controls were genotyped for miR-423 rs6505162 polymorphism by real time PCR. The association of breast cancer patients’ genotypic variant and clinicopathological characteristics was analyzed. Results: Breast cancer patients showed significantly higher AA and CA genotypes frequencies when compared to controls. This was translated as higher risk to develop breast cancer in patients harboring these genotypic variants (OR = 3.28, p= 0.002; OR = 2.11, p= 0.011, respectively). The frequencies of Her2 positive and advanced stage disease were significantly increased in the AA genotype variant (p<0.001). Conclusion: Our data suggest that miR-423 rs6505162 polymorphism could be a potential risk factor in the pathogenesis of breast cancer among Egyptian population.


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