Antiangiogenic Activity of Quinine Alone and in Combination with vitamin C in both ex vivo and in vivo Assays

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.

2 Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Al-Nahrain University, Iraq.


Background: Angiogenesis is the process of vascularization from preexisting blood vessels. It is essential for many physiological and pathological processes. Quinine is an anti-malarial agent belongs to the quinoline alkaloid that can inhibit angiogenesis. Vitamin C is also an important antioxidant and has been shown to reduce angiogenesis in tumor. Objective: The study was aimed at investigating the effect of quinine alone and in combination with vitamin C on angiogenesis process. Materials and Methods: 12 to 14 weeks old male albino rats were used for the study. Quinine was prepared by dissolving in DMSO and was serially diluted. The rat aorta ring assay was employed to investigate the antiangiogenic effect of quinine ex vivo. An in vivo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay was used to measure the blood vessels inhibition zone by quinine. The zone of inhibition was calculated as the mean inhibition area of a blood vessel in mm±SD.The obtained data were statistically analyzed. Results: The results revealed that quinine has a significant dose-dependent inhibition effect on the growth of blood vessels by 98% ± 0.07 in concentration 100µg/ml when compared to the negative control. moreover, the inhibition of blood vessels growth as a measure of the antiangiogenic activity of quinine in combination with vitamin C shows a synergistic effect when the concentration that inhibit 50% of blood vessels growth (IC50) which equals to 5.05 µg/ml resulted in 85% of growth inhibition when combined with IC50 of vitamin C which equals to 22..87µg/ml. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the activity of quinine with vitamin C synergism can greatly lower blood vessels growth in rat aorta rings and CAM assays. Quininehas an inhibitory effect on tumor and can be utilized as an antiangiogenic agent alone or in combination with vitamin C.


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