The Relationship between Gene Polymorphisms od the XRCC1 and TP53 with the Gender of Children with Acute Leukemia

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Special Surgical Disciplines, International Higher School of Medicine, 720054, 1F Intergelpo, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic.

2 Department of Surgery, National Center of Oncology and Hematology, 720020, 92 Akhunbaev Str., Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic.


Background: The relevance of the study lies in the fact that although the role of polymorphism of some genes that are responsible for cell apoptosis and deoxyribonucleic acid repair in the development of acute leukemia has already been established, its relationship with the gender of patients has not been studied enough. This study was aimed at studying the relationship between the Arg399Gln polymorphism in the XRCC1 deoxyribonucleic acid repair gene and the Arg72Pro polymorphism in the TP53 tumor suppressor gene encoding the p53 protein with the gender of children with acute leukemia. Material and methods: The study included 100 newly diagnosed pediatric patients of Kyrgyz nationality (69 boys and 31 girls), among which there were 77 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 22 patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia and 1 patient with a biphenotypic variant. Determination of polymorphisms was carried out by PCR-RFLP analysis or polymerase chain reaction followed by an analysis of restriction fragment length polymorphism. The interrelation of the results obtained with the patients’ gender was assessed using statistical methods. Results: The study showed that there were no gender differences for all three genotypes of the Arg72Pro polymorphic marker of the tumor suppressor p53 (ТР53). Three Arg399Gln genotypes of the XRCC1 gene also did not depend on gender. However, with a separate analysis of each polymorphism, there was a tendency for a greater proportion of the Arg/Gln genotype in the group of boys compared to girls. The Gln/Gln polymorphism relationship requires further study due to insufficient data for analysis. Conclusion: The study has expanded the understanding of genetic changes and their relationship with gender, which have diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic implications in acute leukemia. The conducted research of the relationship between individual phenotypes of acute lymphoblastic leukemia with risky polymorphisms in some genes contributes to the study of AL.


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