In-vivo Comparison of Planned and Measured Rectal Doses during Cobalt-60 HDR CT-based Intracavitary Brachytherapy Applications of Cervical Cancer Using the PTW 9112 Semiconductor Probe

Document Type : Research Articles


Department of Radiation Oncology, Kasturba Medical College (A Constituent Institution of Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Mangalore, Karnataka, India.


Background: A semiconductor rectal probe was used to compare planned and measured rectal doses during Co-60 high dose rate (HDR) CT-based intracavitary brachytherapy applications (ICBT) of cervical cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 22 HDR brachytherapy applications were included from 11 patients who were first treated with EBRT to the whole pelvis with a total prescribed dose of 50 Gy in 25 fractions. During each application, a PTW 9112 probe rectal probe having a series of five semiconductor diodes (R1 to R5) was inserted into the patient’s rectum and a CT-based HDR ICBT application with a prescribed dose per fraction of 7 or 7.5 Gy to HRCTV was performed. Measurements were carried in water phantom using PTW rectal and universal adaptor plugs. Doses measured in phantom and with patients were compared to those calculated by the treatment planning system. Results: The mean percentage dose difference ΔD (%) between calculated and measured values from phantom study were -5.29%, 1.89%, -2.72%, -4.76, and 0.72% for R1, R2, R3, R4, and R3 diodes, respectively and the overall mean ΔD (%) value with standard deviation (SD) was -2.03%±9.6%. From the patient study, a ΔD (%) that ranged from -19.5% to 24.0%, which corresponded to dose disparities between -0.77 Gy and 0.66 Gy. The median ΔD (%) ranged from 0.4% to 1.3%, or -0.03 to 0.05 Gy, respectively. ΔD (%) values exceeded 10% in approximately 26.4% of measurements (29 out of 110 in 22 applications). The location of Rmax in computed and measured values differs in 5 of 22 applications might be due to possible displacement of rectal probe between simulation and treatment. Conclusion: Despite the likely geometrical shift of measuring detectors between insertion and treatment, in-vivo dosimetry is feasible and can be used to estimate the dose to the rectum during HDR ICBT.  


Main Subjects

Volume 24, Issue 3
March 2023
Pages 897-907
  • Receive Date: 17 September 2022
  • Revise Date: 26 November 2022
  • Accept Date: 16 March 2023
  • First Publish Date: 16 March 2023