Cost of Treatment for Myelofibrosis Patients in Ministry of Health Hospitals in Sarawak, Malaysia

Document Type : Short Communications


1 Haematology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Sarawak General Hospital, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Kuching, Malaysia.

2 Novartis Corporation (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd, Malaysia.


Objective: Primary myelofibrosis is a rare type of myeloproliferative neoplasm with an annual incidence rate of 0.47 per 100,000. A retrospective, observational study was conducted to determine the disease evolution and costs of treatment for myelofibrosis (MF) patients managed in 4 Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals in Sarawak, Malaysia. Methods: The estimation of treatment cost was a planned analysis of the Real World Evidence (RWE) study which included retrospective chart review of adult MF patients treated in Sarawak General, Sibu, Bintulu and Miri Hospitals. The study was approved by Sarawak General Hospital HRRC and MREC. The current study was conducted to estimate the cost of out-patient visits, hospitalisation, transfusion and medication from the perspective of MOH. Out-patient visits and hospitalisation costs were calculated using current unit costs for full fee-paying charges of MOH hospitals. Transfusion costs were estimated for packed cell and platelet transfusions. Medication costs were calculated using drug prices from IQVIA database for MOH hospital sub-sector in 2021. Unit costs were standardised to index year of 2021. Result: Data from 63 patients was available for analysis. Mean annual health resource utilisation (HRU) was 6.13 clinic visits, 9.47 days of hospitalisation and 1.61 transfusions per patient per year. Mean HRU cost was RM23,320 (USD5,217) per patient per year, comprised of RM19,122 (USD4,278) in drug costs, RM3,030 (USD678) for hospitalisation, RM799 (USD178) for transfusions and RM368 (USD82) for outpatient cost. Conclusion: The present analysis suggests that medication and hospitalisation were the main drivers of costs for MF treatment in Sarawak MOH hospitals. This study provides the first RWE estimate of the cost of MF in Malaysia and may provide insight into unmet clinical needs and a guide for further health economic research into the treatment of MF. 


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