Saudi Nursing Students’ Knowledge and Perception of Testicular Cancer Assessment and Management: A Cross-Sectional Study

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Clinical Nursing, School of Nursing, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

2 Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

3 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, College of Nursing, Taibah University, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

4 College of Health Science and Nursing, Al- Rayan Colleges, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

5 Faculty of Medicine, University Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.

6 College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, AlKharj, Saudi Arabia.

7 Nursing Division, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Yemen.


Introduction: Testicular cancer (TC) incidence is increasing worldwide. This study aimed to investigate Saudi nursing students’ knowledge and perception about TC. Method: This cross-sectional study was done using convenience sampling method. In this study, 280 nursing students from different nursing schools in six cities of Saudi Arabia were recruited. A structured self-report questionnaire was used to collect data. Result: About 49.2% of the participants received education about TC in their nursing schools. The findings showed lack of enough knowledge about TC among Saudi nursing students. Mostly, the participants reported that heredity factor and having family history of TC (48.9%) and age between 56 and 70 years (41.8%) were the most common risk factors of TC. According to the participants, physical examination was the most common diagnostic test usually used for early detection of TC (40.4%) and biopsy test was the most accurate test to confirm TC diagnosis (45.4%). Only one third of the participants (34.6%) knew that between 75% and 100% of TC cases can be cured in case of early detection. About half of the participants (51.8%) reported that surgical procedure was the most common treatment for TC. The nursing students who had high GPA (r=0.86, p<0.001), were unwilling to get more information on TC (r=0.24, p=0.04), had family history of TC (r= 0.53, p=0.02), medical problems with testicles (r= 0.69, p=0.01), received education about TC in their school of nursing (r=0.65, p=0.02), and were more self-confident in assessing and managing TC (r=0.38, p=0.03) had higher level knowledge about TC.  Conclusion: Despite the importance of nurses’ roles in assessing and managing TC, nursing students in Saudi Arabia still did not have enough knowledge about TC. Improving nursing programs’ curricula and conducting health education programs are recommended.


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